Gall Bladder Symptoms ; The Gall Bladder is an organ in the form of a small bag containing bile. This little oblong bag is located under the liver and connected to the common bile duct (which is the bile duct) by another channel: the cystic duct. See the 3D video of the liver and gallbladder.
Mechanism of formation of gallstones
The body contains cholesterol. The major route of excretion of this cholesterol is bile. Bile salts (components of bile) maintain in solution the cholesterol in bile. When cholesterol is too high in quantity or when bile salts are in short supply, cholesterol crystallizes, creating gallstones. The diagnosis of gallstones is relatively easy by using techniques based on ultrasound (sonography).
Calculations prevents bile from being discharged through the gall bladder when it contracts. The pain experienced by the patient are caused by sharp crystals contained in the gallbladder. This pain usually radiates to the right thoracic region (right shoulder blade). Appropriate treatment in this case is a drug that dissolves the crystals. We can also try to reduce them to powder by the use of ultrasound using a technique called lithotripsy. In some patients, the use of laser or surgical removal of the gallbladder (cholecystectomy) is needed.
The absence of gallbladder interferes with the normal functioning of the body. Indeed, the bile duct will gradually expand and replace as well as a reservoir of the gallbladder.
The presence of gallstones in the gallbladder that cause the onset of jaundice (jaundice). Indeed, the obstruction of the bile duct prevents the arrival of salts and bile pigments in the gut. This results in an accumulation of these components in the blood and therefore jaundice called obstructive jaundice.
Other pathologies (partial list)
During some infections like those caused by human immunodeficiency virus (AIDS) or typhoid fever, there is an infection of vesicular lithiasis without accompaniment.
Benign tumor type polyp growth usually benign, fibrous (relatively hard) a mucosal
Malignancy: adenocarcinoma. This is a malignancy causing tissue resembling a glandular tissue (roughly reproducing the normal structure of the glands and mucous membranes). In other words, adenocarcinoma is a malignant tumor that develops at the expense of tissue (whole cells) glands. Adenocarcinoma should not be confused with adenoma, a benign tumor affecting a gland.Porcelain gall bladder: gall bladder spontaneously visible on x-ray because its walls are infiltrated with lime (calcium stew).
Strawberry gallbladder, also called the gall cholesterose: presence on the inner walls of the gall of small grains of yellow grains resembling that found on strawberry (achenes).
Syndrome Bard and Pic (English Bard-Pic syndrome) is a set of three symptoms including jaundice (jaundice) chronic and progressive, a very important expansion of the gallbladder and weight loss. The evolution of this disease is to cachexia (very important alteration of the body) fast onset. This condition is observed in cancer of the head of the pancreas.
Hydrops of the gallbladder, called hydrocholécystite also corresponds to a distension of the gallbladder is filled with secretions (from the mucous membranes) due to total obstruction of the cystic duct by a calculus. Sometimes this obstruction is the result of a tumor.
The cystic duct connects the gallbladder to the hepatic duct to form the common bile duct.The distended gallbladder is sometimes palpable below the liver edge to the way a mass rénitente (with some elastic resistance), and painful in the form of a small pear.
Hydrops of the gall bladder may become infected and lead to the development of acute cholecystitis.
The treatment of this condition is surgical gastroenterology. It is sometimes necessary to surgically remove (resection) the barrier inside the cystic duct.
The vesicular cholesterolosis corresponds to a deposition of cholesterol (cholesterol ester specifically) and triglycerides which are substances lipid (fat), within the epithelium (layer of cells) making up the gallbladder. This gives the appearance of a gallbladder Strawberry gallbladder.
On examination of the gallbladder, during the cholesterolosis gallbladder mucosa (layer of cells lining the inside) of the gallbladder is covered with small yellow spots on a red background.
There is secondly a polypoid shape with small cholesterol polyps, single or multiple polyps that are likely to move when the patient's own moves.We do not know the exact cause of gallbladder cholesterolosis. It seems that this phenomenon is the result of a cholesterol-saturated bile but no certainty exists as to the pathophysiological mechanism.
The vesicular cholesterolosis is relatively common in the population but have no symptoms except in particular cases of gallstone complications (presence of stones) within the gallbladder.
The practice of cholecystectomy (gall bladder) occurs only in patients with nephrolithiasis associated.